During and after the Crimean War over 350 soldiers were convicted by courts martial of military crimes in Britain and other parts of the British Empire and subsequently transported to Western Australia.  Not all these men fought in the Crimean War – some were too young, others were in regiments not engaged in the conflict. No record was made of the men’s former regiment in the transportation registers or Convict Establishment records in Western Australia, thus proof of their involvement in the War has been difficult. Their convictions ensured the forfeiture of a military pension, thus Chelsea Pension discharge documents are not available. Below are some of the convicts who have been identified as Crimean War veterans; there may be many more whose services in the Campaign remain (as yet) unsubstantiated.

Ticket of Leave: A Ticket of leave was granted before the expiration of a prisoner’s sentence. Ticket of leave men were free to seek employment under a master or to seek their own work. They were not allowed to leave the district to which they had been assigned and were required to report to the local resident magistrate once per month.

Conditional Pardon: Conditional Pardons freed convicts and were granted on the condition that convicts did not return to Britain. Original copies of the pardons were sent to England and duplicates remained in Australia. Copies were also given to convicts as a proof of pardon.

Where there is a more complete profile and/or story about any of the men below, there will be a link via the highlighted name – in red.

AHERN (HERN), Cornelius
Regiment: 41st (The Welch) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3406.
Year of Birth: c. 1833.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Inkermann). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 04 Jun 1856, Sevastopol, Crimea.
Charge: Desertion. Losing necessaries.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 4738.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 06 Nov 1860.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 12 Apr 1867.  Hanged for assault with intent (Perth).

ANDERSON, George
Regiment: 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private.
Year of Birth: c. 1832.
Medals: Not on medal roll.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 15 Jul 1854, Varna, Bulgaria.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Fourteen years penal servitude.
Convict No. 3786.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: William Hammond. 29 Mar 1856.
Ticket of Leave: 15 Nov 1859.
Conditional Pardon: 28 Sep 1863, Bunbury.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: After 1901.

AYLING, Charles [aka DANIELS, Charles Edward]
Regiment:1st Battalion, Scots Fusilier Guards. Grenadier Guards.
Rank & No. Private #4421, #9423.
Year of Birth: 17 Feb 1834.
Medals: Crimean War Medal (Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
Civil Court Date & Place: 25 Jul 1859. Maidstone, Kent, England.
Charge: Maliciously firing a shed.
Sentence: Ten years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5941.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lincelles. 28 Jan 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 18 Dec 1863.
Conditional Pardon: 13 Aug 1868.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 26 May 1921, West Perth, WA.

BALMER, William
Regiment: 1st (Royal) Regiment, 2nd Battalion.
Rank & No. Private #2315.
Year of Birth: c. 1829.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 30 Sep 1856, Malta.
Charge: Theft. Abusive language to a superior officer.
Sentence: Fourteen years penal servitude.
Convict No. 4858.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lord Raglan. 01 Jun 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 21 May 1859.
Conditional Pardon: 10 Sep 1861.
Certificate of Freedom: 26 Jan 1871.
Year of Death: 26 Apr 1876, Kojonup, WA.

BATES, William (tentative)
Regiment: Royal Marines.
Rank & No. Able Seaman.
Year of Birth: c. 1826.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 07 Jan 1856, Woolwich, Kent.
Charge: Desertion & Theft.
Sentence: Fourteen years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5381.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Sultana. 19 Aug 1859.
Ticket of Leave: 16 Feb 1860, Perth.
Conditional Pardon: 23 Jul 1863.
Re-convicted: 06 Oct 1864 #8176.
Certificate of Freedom: 27 Oct 1870.
Re-convicted: 04 Jan 1872 #10048.
Ticket of Leave: 25 Aug 1876.
Certificate of Freedom: 26 Jun 1879.
Year of Death: unknown.

BEAUREAL, Edward
Surname variations: Bearal, Beareal, Beariall, Bereal, Berial, Beriall, Beaureal.
Regiment: 77th (The East Middlesex) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private.
Year of Birth: c. 1834.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 24 Oct 1862, Chinsurah, India.
Charge: Striking a superior officer.
Sentence: Seven years penal servitude.
Convict No. 8503.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Vimeira. 22 Dec 1865.
Ticket of Leave: 09 Sep 1866.
Conditional Pardon: –  Two re-convictions in Western Australia.
Certificate of Freedom: 06 Feb 1873.
Year of Death: 03 Mar 1905, Perth, WA.

BUSHELL, Thomas
Regiment: 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3346.
Year of Birth: c. 1836.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Inkermann). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 06 Feb 1857, Malta.
Charge: Violence to a superior officer.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 5270.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave:
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 12 Sep 1865. Executed (hanged) for attempted murder of gaol warder.

BYRNE, John
Regiment: 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3324.
Year of Birth: c. 1838.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 13 Sep 1858, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Ten years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5810.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 30 Jan 1863.
Conditional Pardon: 4 Aug 1868.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown.

CAHILL, Patrick
Regiment: 50th The Queen’s Own Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #4321.
Year of Birth: c. 1835.
Medals: Crimean War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 11 Sep 1862, Colombo, India.
Charge: Fired at a Sergeant or Fired into a storeroom. ?
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 7968.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Merchantman. 12 Sep 1864.
Ticket of Leave: 30 Apr 1868.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom: 1898.
Year of Death: 29 Oct 1919, Claremont, WA.

CHAPMAN, Bedford
Regiment: 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3709.
Year of Birth: c. 1834.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 16 Apr 1857, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Six years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5290.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 19 Jun 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 30 Dec 1861.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 1923, Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England.

COLLINS, Joseph
Regiment: 21st Royal North British Fuzileers Regiment
Rank & No. Private #3292.
Year of Birth: c. 1829.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 19 Nov 1860, Barbados.
Charge: Striking his superior officer.
Sentence: Seven years penal servitude.
Convict No. 6554.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: York. 31 Dec 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 11 Oct 1863.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom: 15 Oct 1872.
Year of Death: 27 Sep 1913, Claremont, WA.

COWELL, John
Regiment: 5th Battalion, Royal Regiment of Artillery.
Rank & No. Private #2999.
Year of Birth: c. 1833.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 15 May 1857, St Lucia, Barbados.
Charge: Disobeying orders.
Sentence: Four years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5476.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Sultana.19 Aug 1859.
Ticket of Leave:
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 21 Oct 1859, Perth, WA.

CULLEN, John
Regiment: 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #2624.
Year of Birth: c. 1833
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 29 Jul 1856, Malta.
Charge: Desertion and using violence to superior officer.
Sentence: 21 years penal servitude.
Convict No. 4648.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 30 Mar 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 18 Nov 1867.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown.

DORAN, William
Regiment: 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #4103.
Year of Birth: c. 1838.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 20 Jun 1859. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 6176.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lincelles. 28 Jan 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 04 Oct 1862.
Conditional Pardon: 18 Dec 1865.
Certificate of Freedom: 11 Sep 1871.
Year of Death: unknown.

FALL, William
Regiment: 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons.
Rank & No. Private #1265.
Year of Birth: c. 1835.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Balaklava, Inkermann). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 10 Mar 1858. Shorncliffe, Kent, England.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5854.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 30 Sep 1861.
Conditional Pardon: 10 Oct 1864.
Certificate of Freedom: 23 Aug 1866.
Year of Death: unknown. Left WA for Lacepede Bay, SA on ‘Chalgrove’ 08 Nov 1875.

FARTHY, John
Regiment: 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #5450.
Year of Birth: c. 1832.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 30 Jun 1857. Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Charge: Desertion and taking clothes.
Sentence: Four years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5450.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Sultana. 19 Aug 1859.
Ticket of Leave: 15 Feb 1860.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown. Left WA 08 Mar 1862.

GRAY (GREY), James
Regiment: 3rd Battalion, First or Grenadier Regiment of Foot Guards.
Rank & No. Private #6288.
Year of Birth: c. 1834.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 11 Aug 1858. Wellington Barracks, London, England.
Charge: Attempting to strike superior officer.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5867.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 09 Dec 1861.
Conditional Pardon: 12 Nov 1864.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown.

HARRICHAEL, Michael
Regiment: 63rd The West Suffolk Regiment
Rank & No. Private #??65.
Year of Birth: c. 1827.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 18 May 1857. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Striking a superior officer.
Sentence: Ten years penal servitude.
Convict No.7447.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lord Dalhousie. 28 Dec 1863.
Ticket of Leave: 14 Mar 1864.
Conditional Pardon: 27 Nov 1865.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown.

HAYNES, Henry Benjamin (Harry Bengi)
Regiment: 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment.
Rank & No. unknown.
Year of Birth: c. 1838.
Medals:
General Court Martial Date & Place: 1859, Winchester, Hampshire, England.
Charge: Murder.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 5679.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 04 Aug 1864.
Conditional Pardon: 16 Aug 1871.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 23 Jan 1884. Hanged for the murder of his wife.

HOLMES, William
Regiment: 1st Battalion, Rifle Brigade.
Rank & No. unknown.
Year of Birth: c. 1828.
Medals: unknown.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 18 Feb 1856. Wellington Barracks, London, England.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Fourteen years penal servitude.
Convict No.4561.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 08 Sep 1859.
Conditional Pardon: 02 Jul 1870.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 1890.

KEATING (KEATINGE), Patrick
Regiment: 5th Dragoon Guards (Princess Charlotte of Wales).
Rank & No. Private #1143.
Year of Birth: c. 1825.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 18 Jun 1866. Dublin, Ireland.
Charge: Mutinous conduct.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 9792.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Hougoumont. 09 Jun 1868.
Ticket of Leave: 12 Jul 1873.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 27 or 29 Jan 1874.

KENNY, John
Regiment:  63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3539
Year of Birth: c. 1831.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 27 May 1861, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Charge: Advising soldiers to desert.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No.7472.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lord Dalhousie. 28 Dec 1863.
Ticket of Leave: 01 Jul 1866.
Conditional Pardon: 30 May 1873, Perth.
Year of Death: 09 May 1894, Perth.

LITHGOW, James
Regiment: 14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment & 47th (The Lancashire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3125 & #3244.
Year of Birth: 1832.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Inkermann). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 07 May 1856, Sevastopol, Crimea.
Charge: Desertion to the enemy.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No.4641.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 23 Jul 1859.
Conditional Pardon: 07 Jun 1873.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 15 Nov 1909.

MARSH, James
Regiment: 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #2097.
Year of Birth: c. 1827.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Balaklava, Inkermann, Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 16 Apr 1857. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 8166.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 05 Aug 1861.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 30 Dec 1861.

McCORMACK (McCORMICK), James
Regiment: 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private # –
Year of Birth: c. 1826.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 05 Feb 1857, Malta.
Charge: Striking a superior officer.
Sentence: Seven years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5104.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 18 Aug 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 18 Feb 1861.
Certificate of Freedom:
Reconvicted: 06 Apr 1870, Perth.
Charge: Larceny.
Sentence: Three years penal servitude.
Convict No. 9978.
Ticket of Leave: 07 Sep 1872.
Certificate of Freedom: 07 Jul 1873.
Year of Death: 08 Apr 1888.

MELLING, Henry
Regiment: 1st (King’s) Dragoon Guards.
Rank & No. Private #868.
Year of Birth: c. 1820.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 13 Mar 1856, Scutari, Turkey.
Charge: Drunkenness, using abusive language, striking a superior officer.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 4515.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 14 Jul 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 21 Apr 1866.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown. Left WA for Batavia 18 Jun 1867.

MURPHY, Joseph
Regiment: 12th (Prince of Wales’s Royal) Lancers.
Rank & No. Private #??71.
Year of Birth: c. 1832.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 18 Aug 1855. Sevastopol, Crimea.
Charge: Desertion and insubordination.
Sentence: Fourteen years penal servitude.
Convict No. 4271.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Clara. 03 Jul 1857.
Ticket of Leave: 18 Mar 1859.
Conditional Pardon: 13 Jul 1861.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown. Left WA for VIC 05 Apr 1872.

PARKE (PARKER), William
Regiment: 62nd (Wiltshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3482.
Year of Birth: c. 1836.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 17 Aug 1857. Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Charge: Striking his superior officer.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 6951.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Merchantman. 14 Feb 1863.
Ticket of Leave: 13 Dec 1863.
Conditional Pardon: 02 Oct 1869.
Certificate of Freedom: 24 Jul 1877.
Year of Death: unknown.

PETRIE, Donald
Regiment: 2nd Battalion, Royal Sappers & Miners.
Rank & No. Private #unknown.
Year of Birth: c. 1830.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.  Forfeited?
Court Date & Place: 27 Apr 1865. Stirling, Scotland.
Charge: Fraud.
Sentence: Seven years.
Convict No. 9262.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Corona. 22 Dec 1866.
Ticket of Leave: 12 Mar 1869.
Conditional Release: 1870.
Certificate of Freedom: 04 Jun 1872.
Year of Death: 1910.

SAMPEY, Thomas
Regiment: 12th (Prince of Wales’s) Royal Lancers.
Rank & No. Private #1157.
Year of Birth: c. 1833.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal. Indian Mutiny Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 22 Oct 1860, Hulme Barracks, Manchester, England.
Charge: Violence to a superior officer.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 6450.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Norwood. 09 Jun 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 12 Aug 1863.
Conditional Pardon: 13 Feb 1881.
Certificate of Freedom: 04 Nov 1869. Fremantle.
Year of Death:  04 Mar 1897. Fremantle.

SHERLOCK, Matthew
Regiment: 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3454.
Year of Birth: 1820 to 1847 depending on source.
Medals: Gwalior Star (Maharajpoor).
Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 17 Jun 1857. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Charge: Desertion and insubordination.
Sentence: Four years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5445.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Sultana. 19 Aug 1859.
Ticket of Leave: 12 Jan 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 09 Apr 1861.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 01 Jul 1921, Navan, SA. (Left WA 28 Oct 1864).

SMITH, William
Regiment: 23rd (Royal Welch Fusiliers) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3880, #4584 or #4824. (Three men named William Smith in the regiment).
Year of Birth: c. 1835.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 14 Jun 1858. Lucknow, India.
Charge: Striking a superior officer.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 5678.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 22 Aug 1863.
Conditional Pardon: 05 Aug 1867.
Warrant of Remission: 05 Jan 1898.
Year of Death: unknown.

SULLIVAN, Joseph
Regiment: 9th (East Norfolk) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3604.
Year of Birth: c. 1827.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 12 Jun 1857. Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Four years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5558.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Sultana. 19 Aug 1859.
Ticket of Leave: 16 Feb 1860.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 22 Apr 1887.

THISTLE, William aka John
Regiment: 11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars.
Rank & No. Private #1680.
Year of Birth: c. 1835.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 09 Jun 1856. Sevastopol, Crimea.
Charge: Unnatural act with a Turk – buggery.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 4594.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 05 Jul 1861.
Conditional Pardon:
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 01 Mar 1864.

TIPPER, Thomas
Regiment: 39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3629.
Year of Birth: c. 1838.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 19 May 1857. Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Charge: Desertion and theft.
Sentence: Seven years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5105.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 30 Nov 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 01 Jan 1863.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 1868.

TOLE (TOOLE), Thomas
Regiment: 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #3001.
Year of Birth: c. 1834.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Alma, Inkermann). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 26-27 Nov 1858. Chatham, Kent, England.
Charge: Desertion.
Sentence: Life penal servitude.
Convict No. 5718.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Palmerston. 11 Feb 1861.
Ticket of Leave: 22 Feb 1864.
Conditional Pardon: 27 Nov 1871.
Certificate of Freedom:
Departed Western Australia: 08 Jan 1885 for South Australia.
Year of Death: 5 Dec 1893, Parkside, Norwood, South Australia. 

TOWNSEND, John
Regiment: 23rd (Royal Welch Fusiliers) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #??41.
Year of Birth: c. 1833.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
Court Date & Place: 05 Dec 1859. Maidstone, Kent, England.
Charge: Rape.
Sentence: Twenty years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5900.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lincelles. 28 Jan 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 15 Feb 1865.
Conditional Pardon: 09 Jul 1872.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: unknown.

UNDERWOOD, William
Regiment: 3rd Battalion Grenadier Guards.
Rank & No. Private #6466.
Year of Birth: c. 1837.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 25 May 1859. St George’s Barracks, London, England.
Charge: Striking his superior officer.
Sentence: Eight years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5974.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Lincelles. 28 Jan 1862.
Ticket of Leave: 08 Oct 1862.
Conditional Pardon: 04 Oct 1865.
Certificate of Freedom: 11 May 1872.
Year of Death: 14 Jul 1909.

WEIR, William
Regiment: 71st (Highland Light Infantry) Regiment.
Rank & No. Private #unknown. (Three men named William Weir in regiment).
Year of Birth: c. 1830.
Medals: Crimea War Medal. Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 22 Jan 1857. Valletta, Malta.
Charge: Habitually drunk and violent to an officer.
Sentence: Seven years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5103.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 16 Nov 1860.
Conditional Pardon: 15 Jul 1863.
Certificate of Freedom: 30 Jan 1865.
Year of Death: 1886 (tentative).

WILKS, Christopher (alias WILLIAMS, Charles)
Regiment: Royal Artillery.
Rank & No. Private # Unknown.
Year of Birth: c. 1833, Lambeth, Surrey.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal. May not have been awarded).
Central Criminal Court Date & Place: 5 Jan 1857. Newgate, Surrey.
Charge: Robbery with violence.
Sentence: Twenty years penal servitude.
Convict No. 5201.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Edwin Fox. 20 Nov 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 7 Jul 1862.
Conditional Pardon: 5 Apr 1865.
Certificate of Freedom: –
Year of Death: 11 Sep 1907.

WILSON, Charles
Regiment: 11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars.
Rank & No. Corporal #1802.
Year of Birth: c. 1818.
Medals: Crimea War Medal (Sebastopol). Turkish Crimea Medal.
General Court Martial Date & Place: 26-27 Dec 1855. Sevastopol, Crimea.
Charge: Murder (later Manslaughter).
Sentence: Fourteen years transportation.
Convict No. 4523.
Convict Ship & Arrival Date: Nile. 01 Jan 1858.
Ticket of Leave: 26 Mar 1859.
Conditional Pardon: Jul 1861.
Certificate of Freedom:
Year of Death: 03 May 1886.

Sources:
Crimean War Medal Rolls WO100-22 to 34, National Archives, Kew. Indexed and imaged by ancestry.com.
General Courts Martial Registers, Abroad WO90, National Archives, Kew. Microfilmed AJCP.
Assorted Chatham, Millbank, Pentonville and Portland Prison Registers, courtesy Bevan Carter and Marcia Watson.
Convict Transportation Registers HO11-18 to 19, National Archives, Indexed and imaged by ancestry.com.
E J Boys Archive Website.
Dead Persons Society, Perth (DPS), Website.
Dictionary of WA Vol. 9, Convicts in WA 1850-1887, Rica Erickson & Gillian O’Mara.
Fremantle Prison Website.
Military – Crimean and Indian Mutiny Veterans, State Records Office Cons. 752-1919-2479.

© Diane Oldman 2015