Birth date and place 20 Mar 1829 Bower, Wick, Caithness, Scotland.
Baptism date and place
Civil Census Residences Kirk, Bower, Caithness, Scotland (1841).
Brown Street, Wick, Pulteneytown, Caithness, Scotland (1851) wife & family only. See Muster (below).
Alma Terrace, Portland, Weymouth, Dorset, England (1861).
Occupations pre-WA Labourer.
Assistant Warder, Portland Prison.
Physical Description Height: 5 ft. 6 ins. Complexion: fresh. Eyes: black. Hair: black.
Marriage date and place 13 Apr 1847, Wick, Caithness.
Spouse Christina GROAT.
Children William Alexander b. 1848, Wick, Caithness, Scotland.
Anne Armstrong b. 1851, Wick, Caithness, Scotland.
Elizabeth b. 1853, Dundee (tentative).
Alexander b. 1856, Wick, Caithness, Scotland.
Isabella b. 1857, Portland, Dorset, England.
James b. 1860, Portland, Dorset, England.
Christina b. 1861, Fremantle, Western Australia.
Mary b. 1864, Albany, Western Australia.
Sarah b. 1870, Albany, Western Australia.
Death date and place 21 Oct 1901 Albany, Western Australia.
Burial date and place Oct 1901 Albany Cemetery.
Will and Probate Will: 1 Jan 1900; Codicil 30 May 1900. Probate: 29 Nov 1901 Supreme Court of Western Australia.
[Cons 3403-1901-137].
Death Notices and Obituaries Albany Advertiser 24 & 25 Oct 1901.
Western Mail 26 Oct 1901.
Regiment(s) 42nd The Royal Highland Regiment.
Regiment No. and Rank #2711 Private.
Attestation date and place 21 Dec 1849 Thurso, Caithness, Scotland.
Service/Campaigns Bermuda 198 Days.
Turkey & Crimea 2 years 76 days.
Musters 1851 Bermuda [WO12-5525].
Promotions Private to Corporal 9 Feb 1853.
Corporal to Sergeant 2 Nov 1854.
Medals, Clasps and Badges Crimea War Medal clasps Alma, Balaklava, Sebastopol.  Turkish Crimea Medal.
Casualty/Medical Suffered from fever and dysentery in the Crimea very severely. Now has palpitations of heart on much exertion and he has varicose veins of both legs which prevent him from tying his gaiters. Supposed them to have been caused from having his gaiters continually tied on the march in Crimea. Not aggravated by vice of intemperance. Unfit for service.
Regimental Courts Martial None.
District Courts Martial None.
General Courts Martial None.
Discharge date and place 2 Dec 1856 Chatham.
Length of Service 6 years 348 days.
Chelsea Pension Reference WO97/2210/3.
Post Discharge Residence Weymouth, Dorset.
Post Discharge Pension District Salisbury.
Pension Amount Temporary – 8d. per diem for 2½ years.
Ship Lincelles. 
Departure and Arrival 5 Oct 1861 Portland; 28 Jan 1862 Fremantle.
Status/Occupation Prison Warder, Convict Establishment. £56 per annum [Barker pp.7-8].
Launch Proprietor, operating four launches and five lighters.
Land Grant/Purchase Town Lots 80 and 81, Albany (purchased).
Subscriptions None.
Misc. Newspaper Articles Albany Mail 14 Feb 1883 (trial of steam launch).
Albany Mail 14 Mar 1883 (advertisement for launch Loch Lommond (sic)).