Watch this space for the complete story of Thomas Tole – Deserter to the Russians coming soon.

PERSONAL DETAILSThomas TOLE (Toole)
Birth date and placec. 1834 Manchester, Lancashire, England
Baptism date and place
Civil Census ResidencesFoundry Street, Richardson’s Court, Manchester, Lancashire (1841).
117 Silk Street, Manchester, Lancashire (1851).
Occupations pre-WASilk Weaver.
Physical DescriptionHeight: 5 ft. 9 ins. Complexion: swarthy. Eyes: hazel. Hair: black. Face: round. Build: stout.
Distinguishing Marks: D on left side, scar under left eye, scar under chin.
Marriage date and placeJanuary 1858 St Walburge’s R.C. Church, Preston, Lancashire.
Residence: 17 Canal Street, Preston, Lancashire.
SpouseMary REGAN.
ChildrenMary Ann b. 1858 Q3, Preston District, Lancashire.
Death date and place5 Dec 1893 Parkside, South Australia.
Cause of Death: cancer and mania.
Burial date and placeDecember 1893 West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia.
Unmarked grave.
Will and ProbateNone.
Death Notices and Obituaries
ARMED FORCES
Regiment(s)7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment.
Regiment No. and Rank#3001 Private.
Attestation date and place8 Sep 1853 Manchester, Lancashire.
Service/CampaignsCrimea.
4 Apr 1854 embarked at Southampton on Orinoco. Arrived in the East 25 Apr 1854.
Arrived Crimea September 1854 on Emperor.
Musters
PromotionsNone.
Medals, Clasps and BadgesCrimea War Medal clasps Alma, Inkermann.
On all medal roll records marked ‘deserter’ [WO100-26 folios 212, 227, 260].
Casualty/MedicalNone.
Regimental Courts MartialIn confinement 22 Sep to 12 Oct 1853.
22 Oct to 23 Oct 1853, absent without leave.
23 Nov 1853 recorded as a deserter.
Rejoined regiment 30 Jan 1854. Imprisoned February and March 1854.
30 Jul 1854 sentenced to 25 lashes and stoppages; 20 lashes commuted.
[Fisher: The War Correspondent 2009].
General Courts MartialArrested 18 Sep 1858 Manchester.
Trial 26 & 27 Nov 1858 Chatham.
SentenceLife. Penal Servitude.
Newspaper ArticlesMultiple articles in British Newspapers from 21 Sep 1858. Samples:
London Daily News 23 Sep 1858 (arrest).
The Times 27 Nov 1858 (court martial).
Prisons and Register #18 Sep 1858 Arrest in Manchester.
20 Sep 1858 Manchester City Magistrate.
2 Oct 1858 Chatham Barracks. See General Court Martial above.
27 Nov 1858 Chatham Garrison Cells, 22 days.
18 Dec 1858 Millbank Prison (#8068), 21 days.
8 Jan 1859 Pentonville Prison (#8464), 10 months 20 days.
28 Nov 1859 Portland Prison (#9484).
10 Nov 1860 Convict Ship Palmerston, 93 days.
11 Feb 1861 Fremantle Prison (#5718).
ARRIVAL and LIFE IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA
ShipPalmerston. 
Departure and Arrival10 Nov 1860 Portland; 11 Feb 1861 Fremantle.
Status/OccupationConvict.
Tailor. Labourer. Woodcutter. Butcher. Sawyer. Farm Servant.
Convict #5718.
Ticket of Leave22 Feb 1864.
Certificate of Freedom
Conditional Pardon27 Nov 1871 Perth.
Land Grant/PurchaseNone in Western Australia.
Departure from WALeft for South Australia, date and vessel unknown.
Note: Erickson’s Dictionary of Western Australians, Vol. 2 (Bond) records 8 Jan 1885.