Watch this space for the complete story of Thomas Tole – Deserter to the Russians coming soon.
|PERSONAL DETAILS||Thomas TOLE (Toole)|
|Birth date and place||c. 1834 Manchester, Lancashire, England|
|Baptism date and place|
|Civil Census Residences||Foundry Street, Richardson’s Court, Manchester, Lancashire (1841).
117 Silk Street, Manchester, Lancashire (1851).
|Occupations pre-WA||Silk Weaver.|
|Physical Description||Height: 5 ft. 9 ins. Complexion: swarthy. Eyes: hazel. Hair: black. Face: round. Build: stout.
Distinguishing Marks: D on left side, scar under left eye, scar under chin.
|Marriage date and place||January 1858 St Walburge’s R.C. Church, Preston, Lancashire.
Residence: 17 Canal Street, Preston, Lancashire.
|Children||Mary Ann b. 1858 Q3, Preston District, Lancashire.|
|Death date and place||5 Dec 1893 Parkside, South Australia.
Cause of Death: cancer and mania.
|Burial date and place||December 1893 West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia.
|Will and Probate||None.|
|Death Notices and Obituaries|
|Regiment(s)||7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment.|
|Regiment No. and Rank||#3001 Private.|
|Attestation date and place||8 Sep 1853 Manchester, Lancashire.|
4 Apr 1854 embarked at Southampton on Orinoco. Arrived in the East 25 Apr 1854.
Arrived Crimea September 1854 on Emperor.
|Medals, Clasps and Badges||Crimea War Medal clasps Alma, Inkermann.
On all medal roll records marked ‘deserter’ [WO100-26 folios 212, 227, 260].
|Regimental Courts Martial||In confinement 22 Sep to 12 Oct 1853.
22 Oct to 23 Oct 1853, absent without leave.
23 Nov 1853 recorded as a deserter.
Rejoined regiment 30 Jan 1854. Imprisoned February and March 1854.
30 Jul 1854 sentenced to 25 lashes and stoppages; 20 lashes commuted.
[Fisher: The War Correspondent 2009].
|General Courts Martial||Arrested 18 Sep 1858 Manchester.
Trial 26 & 27 Nov 1858 Chatham.
|Sentence||Life. Penal Servitude.|
|Newspaper Articles||Multiple articles in British Newspapers from 21 Sep 1858. Samples:
London Daily News 23 Sep 1858 (arrest).
The Times 27 Nov 1858 (court martial).
|Prisons and Register #||18 Sep 1858 Arrest in Manchester.
20 Sep 1858 Manchester City Magistrate.
2 Oct 1858 Chatham Barracks. See General Court Martial above.
27 Nov 1858 Chatham Garrison Cells, 22 days.
18 Dec 1858 Millbank Prison (#8068), 21 days.
8 Jan 1859 Pentonville Prison (#8464), 10 months 20 days.
28 Nov 1859 Portland Prison (#9484).
10 Nov 1860 Convict Ship Palmerston, 93 days.
11 Feb 1861 Fremantle Prison (#5718).
|ARRIVAL and LIFE IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA|
|Departure and Arrival||10 Nov 1860 Portland; 11 Feb 1861 Fremantle.|
Tailor. Labourer. Woodcutter. Butcher. Sawyer. Farm Servant.
|Ticket of Leave||22 Feb 1864.|
|Certificate of Freedom||–|
|Conditional Pardon||27 Nov 1871 Perth.|
|Land Grant/Purchase||None in Western Australia.|
|Departure from WA||Left for South Australia, date and vessel unknown.
Note: Erickson’s Dictionary of Western Australians, Vol. 2 (Bond) records 8 Jan 1885.