Watch this space for the complete story of Thomas Tole – Deserter to the Russians coming soon.

PERSONAL DETAILS Thomas TOLE (Toole)
Birth date and place c. 1834 Manchester, Lancashire, England
Baptism date and place
Civil Census Residences Foundry Street, Richardson’s Court, Manchester, Lancashire (1841).
117 Silk Street, Manchester, Lancashire (1851).
Occupations pre-WA Silk Weaver.
Physical Description Height: 5 ft. 9 ins. Complexion: swarthy. Eyes: hazel. Hair: black. Face: round. Build: stout.
Distinguishing Marks: D on left side, scar under left eye, scar under chin.
Marriage date and place January 1858 St Walburge’s R.C. Church, Preston, Lancashire.
Residence: 17 Canal Street, Preston, Lancashire.
Spouse Mary REGAN.
Children Mary Ann b. 1858 Q3, Preston District, Lancashire.
Death date and place 5 Dec 1893 Parkside, South Australia.
Cause of Death: cancer and mania.
Burial date and place December 1893 West Terrace Cemetery, Adelaide, South Australia.
Unmarked grave.
Will and Probate None.
Death Notices and Obituaries
ARMED FORCES
Regiment(s) 7th (Royal Fusiliers) Regiment.
Regiment No. and Rank #3001 Private.
Attestation date and place 8 Sep 1853 Manchester, Lancashire.
Service/Campaigns Crimea.
4 Apr 1854 embarked at Southampton on Orinoco. Arrived in the East 25 Apr 1854.
Arrived Crimea September 1854 on Emperor.
Musters
Promotions None.
Medals, Clasps and Badges Crimea War Medal clasps Alma, Inkermann.
On all medal roll records marked ‘deserter’ [WO100-26 folios 212, 227, 260].
Casualty/Medical None.
Regimental Courts Martial In confinement 22 Sep to 12 Oct 1853.
22 Oct to 23 Oct 1853, absent without leave.
23 Nov 1853 recorded as a deserter.
Rejoined regiment 30 Jan 1854. Imprisoned February and March 1854.
30 Jul 1854 sentenced to 25 lashes and stoppages; 20 lashes commuted.
[Fisher: The War Correspondent 2009].
General Courts Martial Arrested 18 Sep 1858 Manchester.
Trial 26 & 27 Nov 1858 Chatham.
Sentence Life. Penal Servitude.
Newspaper Articles Multiple articles in British Newspapers from 21 Sep 1858. Samples:
London Daily News 23 Sep 1858 (arrest).
The Times 27 Nov 1858 (court martial).
Prisons and Register # 18 Sep 1858 Arrest in Manchester.
20 Sep 1858 Manchester City Magistrate.
2 Oct 1858 Chatham Barracks. See General Court Martial above.
27 Nov 1858 Chatham Garrison Cells, 22 days.
18 Dec 1858 Millbank Prison (#8068), 21 days.
8 Jan 1859 Pentonville Prison (#8464), 10 months 20 days.
28 Nov 1859 Portland Prison (#9484).
10 Nov 1860 Convict Ship Palmerston, 93 days.
11 Feb 1861 Fremantle Prison (#5718).
ARRIVAL and LIFE IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Ship Palmerston. 
Departure and Arrival 10 Nov 1860 Portland; 11 Feb 1861 Fremantle.
Status/Occupation Convict.
Tailor. Labourer. Woodcutter. Butcher. Sawyer. Farm Servant.
Convict # 5718.
Ticket of Leave 22 Feb 1864.
Certificate of Freedom
Conditional Pardon 27 Nov 1871 Perth.
Land Grant/Purchase None in Western Australia.
Departure from WA Left for South Australia, date and vessel unknown.
Note: Erickson’s Dictionary of Western Australians, Vol. 2 (Bond) records 8 Jan 1885.